Chapter 14: The Civil Rights Movement 1945-1975


Section 1: Early Demands for Equality

Terms/People to know:

  • de jure segregation
  • de facto segregation
  • Thurgood Marshall
  • Brown v. Board of Education
  • Civil Rights Act of 1957
  • Rosa Parks
  • Montgomery bus boycott
  • Martin Luther King Jr.


  1. Why did the struggle for equal rights intensify after WWII?
  2. How did the Brown decision lead to conflict between federal and state governments?
  3. Why is the Montgomery bus boycott considered a turning point in the civil rights movement?


Section 2: The Movement Gains Ground

Terms/People to know:

  • sit-in
  • SNCC
  • freedom ride
  • James Meredith
  • Medgar Evers
  • March on Washington
  • filibuster
  • Civil Rights Act of 1964


  1. Why were sit-ins often a successful tactic?
  2. Why did the freedom rides lead to conflict?
  3. Why do you think the Birmingham church bombing took place less than three weeks after the March on Washington?
  4. What events led to the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964?

USA Cold War and Civil Rights

Section 3: New Successes and Challenges

Terms/People to know:

  • Freedom Summer
  • Voting Rights Act
  • Twenty-fourth Amendment
  • Kerner Commission
  • Malcolm X
  • Nation of Islam
  • black power
  • Black Panthers


  1. How did the Selma march help lead to the passage of civil rights legislation?
  2. How did Malcolm X’s views differ from Martin Luther King, Jr.’s views?
  3. Why were many Americans afraid of black power?
  4. Why did Justice Thurgood Marshall support affirmative action?

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